Comparison of presepsin and Mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin in the diagnosis of sepsis or septic shock: a systematic review and meta-analysis


Background The early diagnosis of sepsis is hampered by the lack of reliable laboratory measures. There is growing evidence that presepsin and Mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) are promising biomarkers in the diagno- sis of sepsis. This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the diagnostic value of MR-proADM and presepsin in sepsis patients.

Methods We searched Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, China national knowledge infrastructure, and Wanfang up to 22th July, 2022, for studies evaluating the diagnosis performance of presepsin and MR-proADM in adult sepsis patients. Risk of bias was assessed using quadas-2. Pooled sensitivity and specificity were calculated using bivariate meta-analysis. Meta-regression and subgroup analysis were used to find source of heterogeneity.

Results A total of 40 studies were eventually selected for inclusion in this meta-analysis, including 33 for presepsin and seven for MR-proADM. Presepsin had a sensitivity of 0.86 (0.82–0.90), a specificity of 0.79 (0.71–0.85), and an AUC of 0.90 (0.87–0.92). The sensitivity of MR-proADM was 0.84 (0.78–0.88), specificity was 0.86 (0.79–0.91), and AUC was 0.91 (0.88–0.93). The profile of control group, population, and standard reference may be potential sources of heterogeneity.

Conclusions This meta-analysis demonstrated that presepsin and MR-proADM exhibited high accuracy (AUC ≥ 0.90) in the diagnosis of sepsis in adults, with MR-proADM showing significantly higher accuracy than presepsin.

Keywords MR-proADM, Presepsin, Sepsis, Septic shock, Diagnosis, Meta-analysis