Biomarkers of Neonatal Sepsis: From Being Mere Numbers to Becoming Guiding Diagnostics


Neonatal sepsis is a common cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of newborn sepsis is still difficult. Different early objective diagnostic tests or specific signs and symptoms, particularly in preterm infants, make it difficult to diagnose neonatal sepsis. This review article describes biomarkers and their role in the early diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of neonatal sepsis. It also explores the possible advances and future prospects of these biomarkers. An ideal sepsis biomarker will not only help in the guidance of the use of antibiotics when not needed but also the duration of the course of antibiotics if sepsis is proven. It should also have high sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value. These biomarkers hold a promising position in the management of neonatal sepsis and translate into use in clinical settings. Metabolomics, a diagnostic method based on detecting metabolites found in biological fluids, may open new possibilities in the management of critically ill newborns.

Categories: Pediatrics, Infectious Disease, Quality Improvement
Keywords: c-reactive proteins(crp), infection, metabolomics, serum biomarkers, neonatal sepsis