Presepsin (soluble CD14 subtype) Is Available in Febrile Neutropenic Patients with Hematological Malignancy As Diagnosis and Assesment Biomarker of Infections

BACKGROUND: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is often observed in hematological malignancy (HEM). Although most are considered to be due to bacterial infections, it is often difficult to specify the focuses and pathogens of infections in FN patients.
Presepsin (Pre-SEP) is a subtype of soluble CD14, which is a receptor for lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/LPS-binding protein complexes and is expressed on the myeloid and monocytic cells' surface. Recently, Pre-SEP has been shown to be a useful biomarker for assessing the severity of sepsis. However, little is known about the biological characteristics of Pre-SEP in FN patients. Therefore, we compared the Per-CEP to the established infection markers including procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) continually in FN patients.